Common Arthritis Types and Treatments

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According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in the United States, 23% of all adults—over 54 million people—have arthritis. About 24 million adults are limited in their activities from arthritis, and more than 1 in 4 adults with arthritis report severe joint pain. This condition can feel debilitating, but the more you understand about the types of arthritis the better help you can find.

In this brief article, pain management physicians in Orlando share a few of the most common types of arthritis and their treatments.


Osteoarthritis is often called “Wear and Tear” arthritis because it is the type of joint damage that occurs over time from extensive use of a joint. According to the CDC, approximately 32.5 million U.S. adults are affected by a condition known as osteoarthritis.

With osteoarthritis, the cartilage at the end of your joints breaks down, causing the bones within the joint to run together and lead to pain, swelling, stiffness, and reduced function. Although this condition can damage any joint, it most frequently affects joints in your hand, spine, hips, knees, and toes.

Osteoarthritis symptoms develop gradually and worsen over time and may include any of the following:

  • Pain or aching in the affected joints during or after activity
  • Joint stiffness first thing in the morning and after a period of inactivity
  • Limited range of motion or loss of flexibility
  • Grating sensation and a cracking or popping sound when you bend an affected joint
  • Tenderness in the joint
  • Extra bits of bone, which feel like hard lumps, that form around the joint
  • Swelling
  • Joint instability

If you experience any of these symptoms, a physician will first diagnose your condition with the use of X-rays, MRIs, blood tests, or joint fluid analysis. Then, one of the pain management doctors in Orlando, like Dr. Patel, can provide you with a variety of treatment options, depending on the severity of your symptoms and the location of the affected joint. The most common treatment method is a mixture of physical measures (exercise), drug therapy (joint injections), and sometimes, surgery.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that causes the immune system to attack your joints. This creates inflammation which causes joint damage when left untreated. Symptoms are similar to osteoarthritis and include:

  • More than one swollen joint.
  • A symmetrical pattern. For example, when the knuckles on your left hand are inflamed, the knuckles on your right hand probably will be as well.
  • Morning stiffness that can last for hours or even most of the day.

Treatment for rheumatoid arthritis may include a combination of medications and pain therapy.

How a Pain Management Doctor Can Help

There are several other types of arthritis from which you may be suffering, however no matter what type of arthritis you have you might benefit from help from a pain management specialist. If you’re looking for Orlando pain management physicians, contact Neil Patel, MD to discuss your treatment options.

To learn more about pain management near you, please call (407) 606-6341 or fill out our contact form on our website.

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